hamza definition

  • noun:
    • A sign in Arabic orthography always represent the sound of a glottal stop, transliterated in English as an apostrophe.
    • an indication (ء‎ - a stand-alone hamza) used in the written Arabic language representing a glottal end. Hamza can take place as a stand-alone page or most frequently over or under other letters, e.g. أ‎‎ (over an alif - ا‎), إ‎‎ (under an alif), ؤ‎‎‎ (over a wāw - و‎) or ئ‎‎‎‎ (over a dotless yāʾ - ى‎). The actual seat of hamza is influenced by an orthographic rule - "chair of hamza guideline".

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