fricative definition

  • noun:
    • A consonant, including f or s in English, generated by the pushing of air through a constricted passage. Also known as spirant.
    • Any of several noises created by environment moving through a constriction in the mouth and typically creating a sibilant, hissing, or humming high quality; a fricative consonant. English /f/ and /s/ tend to be fricatives.
    • A fricative consonant. See I., 1.
    • a continuant consonant created by breathing moving against a narrowing of this singing tract
  • adjective:
    • Of, regarding, or becoming a fricative consonant.
    • created by air streaming through a restriction inside mouth.
    • from the friction or rustling associated with the air, intonated or unintonated, through a narrow orifice between two of this lips organs; uttered through an in depth method, not with a whole closing, regarding the organs of articulation, thus with the capacity of being continued or prolonged; -- stated of particular consonantal noises, as f, v, s, z, etc.
    • of address sounds made by forcing atmosphere through a constricted passage (as `f', `s', `z', or `th' in both `thin' and `then')
  • others:
    • Characterized by rubbing: stated of those alphabetic noises in which the conspicuous element is a rustling associated with the air through a partly opened place of organs, as s and sh, z and zh, f and v, th and Ŧh, and so forth. They're often split into subclasses, as sibilants, like s and sh, and spirants, like f and verb
    • Sounded by friction, as particular music instruments. See tool, 3 .

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