espalier definition

  • noun:
    • A tree or shrub which taught to develop in a flat plane against a wall, usually in a symmetrical pattern.
    • A trellis or other framework by which an espalier is grown.
    • A latticework familiar with contour or teach the limbs of a tree or shrub into a two-dimensional ornamental or helpful design, as along a wall or fence.
    • A plant which has been formed in this way.
    • A railing or trellis upon which good fresh fruit woods or bushes tend to be trained, as upon a wall; a tree or line of woods therefore trained.
    • In horticulture: A trelliswork of numerous forms upon which the branches of fruit-trees or -bushes tend to be extended horizontally, in fan shape, etc., in a single jet, using item of securing for the plant a freer blood flow of atmosphere and much better experience of the sun's rays.
    • A tree or plant trained on such a trellis or system. Trees trained as espaliers aren't put through such abrupt variations of heat as wall-trees.
    • a trellis by which decorative shrub or fruit tree is trained to grow flat
  • verb-transitive:
    • To train because or on an espalier.
    • to deliver with an espalier.
    • To form an espalier of, or even protect by an espalier.
  • verb:
    • To train a plant in this manner.
  • others:
    • to coach in or protect by an espalier, as a tree or woods.

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