A tree or shrub which taught to develop in a flat plane against a wall, usually in a symmetrical pattern.
A trellis or other framework by which an espalier is grown.
A latticework familiar with contour or teach the limbs of a tree or shrub into a two-dimensional ornamental or helpful design, as along a wall or fence.
A plant which has been formed in this way.
A railing or trellis upon which good fresh fruit woods or bushes tend to be trained, as upon a wall; a tree or line of woods therefore trained.
In horticulture: A trelliswork of numerous forms upon which the branches of fruit-trees or -bushes tend to be extended horizontally, in fan shape, etc., in a single jet, using item of securing for the plant a freer blood flow of atmosphere and much better experience of the sun's rays.
A tree or plant trained on such a trellis or system. Trees trained as espaliers aren't put through such abrupt variations of heat as wall-trees.
a trellis by which decorative shrub or fruit tree is trained to grow flat