dalton definition

  • noun:
    • See atomic size product.
    • the atomic mass device
    • John Dalton, scientist, created 1766, died 1844.
    • a unit of size, roughly 1.66 x 10-24 grams; -- it really is roughly corresponding to the size of 1 hydrogen atom, nevertheless specific value is different slightly as found in physics and chemistry. It is utilized mostly to describe how big proteins and nucleic acids in biochemistry.
    • English chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory together with legislation of partial pressures; gave the first information of red-green shade blindness (1766-1844)

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