contra definition

  • preposition:
    • on the other hand or resistance to; against.
    • against; contrary or opposed to
  • adverb:
    • versus something reported or anticipated; toward contrary.
    • on as opposed to something
  • noun:
    • a deal to swap items or solutions
    • an entry that cancels another entry
    • some of the music instruments when you look at the contrabass range, e.g. contrabassoon, contrabass clarinet or, specially, double-bass
    • contra-dance
    • The contrary or opposing side or thing: in accounting, the alternative part or column of a free account; especially the right-hand or credit part (by which look the items up against the individual whose publications tend to be kept).
    • In organ-building, into the names of stops, indicating an end whose shades tend to be an octave underneath the pitch for the secrets used: as, contragamba, etc.
    • a member associated with guerrilla power that opposed a left-wing government in Nicaragua
  • others:
    • A Latin adverb and preposition, signifying against, contrary, in resistance, etc., entering as a prefix in to the structure of numerous English terms. Cf. counter, adv. & pref.
    • A Latin adverb and preposition (and prefix), indicating ‘against,’ ‘over against,’ ‘opposite,’ ‘in front of,’ orig. ‘in contrast with’: utilized in the phrase per contra, and, abbreviated, in pro and con; additionally in several legal expressions, as contra bonos mores; often as a prefix in terms obtained from the Latin or Romance languages, or formed analogously in English. In presenting a legal citation it indicates ‘to the contrary.’ See contra-.
    • A prefix of Latin source, meaning ‘against,’ ‘over against,’ ‘opposite’; doublet of counter-. See contra and counter-.

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