- the substitution of company axioms and options for the spoils system in conduct of this civil solution, esp. comes to appointments to company.
- the substitution of business maxims and means of the spoils system when you look at the conduct of civil solution, esp. in the matter of appointments to workplace.
- The replacement of company maxims and means of political methods in conduct for the municipal service. esp. the merit system rather than the spoils system in creating appointments to company.
- The substitution of business principles and options for political practices in conduct regarding the civil solution. esp. the merit system instead of the spoils system to make appointments to office.
- See under Civil.
- Identify under Civil.