civil definition

  • adjective:
    • Of, relating to, or befitting a citizen or residents: civil tasks.
    • Of or concerning citizens and their particular interrelations together or using condition: civil community; the civil branches of federal government.
    • Of ordinary people or ordinary neighborhood life as distinguished from the military or the ecclesiastical: civil authorities.
    • Of or in conformity with arranged society; civilized.
    • Sufficiently observing or befitting accepted personal usages; not rude: a civil response. See Synonyms at polite.
    • Being according to or denoting lawfully recognized divisions of time: a civil year.
    • Law concerning the rights of personal individuals and appropriate procedures regarding these legal rights as distinguished from unlawful, armed forces, or international regulations or procedures.
    • relating to folks and government company instead of the army or religion.
    • acting in a reasonable or polite way.
    • related to a city or state, or to a citizen in the relations to their other citizens or even to their state; in the town or condition.
    • at the mercy of government; reduced to purchase; civilized; perhaps not barbarous; -- stated of the community.
    • Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to government; -- stated of an individual.
    • getting the ways of one dwelling in a city, unlike those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous; complaisant; affable.
    • related to civic life and matters, in distinction from armed forces, ecclesiastical, or official condition.
    • concerning legal rights and cures needed by activity or match distinct from unlawful procedures.
    • of or happening inside the state or between or among people for the condition
    • (of divisions period) lawfully respected in ordinary affairs of life
    • signing up to ordinary people as contrasted aided by the army
    • of or perhaps in a condition of social purchase
    • of or regarding or befitting people as individuals
    • maybe not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and enough however noteworthy consideration for other people
    • Of, regarding, or befitting a citizen or residents: municipal duties.
    • Of or relating to people and their interrelations with each other or with the condition: civil society; the municipal limbs of government.
    • Of ordinary people or ordinary neighborhood life as distinguished from military or perhaps the ecclesiastical: civil authorities.
    • Of or in accordance with organized community; civilized.
    • Sufficiently observing or befitting accepted personal usages; not rude: a civil answer. See Synonyms at polite.
    • Being prior to or denoting legally recognized divisions period: a civil 12 months.
    • Law regarding the legal rights of private people and legal proceedings concerning these liberties as distinguished from criminal, military, or international laws or proceedings.
    • regarding people and federal government company instead of the military or religion.
    • acting in a reasonable or courteous way.
    • related to a city or state, or even a citizen in his relations to his fellow residents or to their state; within the town or state.
    • at the mercy of government; reduced to purchase; civilized; not barbarous; -- stated regarding the neighborhood.
    • Performing the obligations of a citizen; obedient to government; -- said of a person.
    • Having the manners of one home in a city, rather than those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous; complaisant; affable.
    • regarding civic life and matters, in distinction from army, ecclesiastical, or official state.
    • regarding legal rights and cures looked for by activity or fit distinct from criminal proceedings.
    • of or happening in the condition or between or among people associated with the state
    • (of divisions of time) legitimately respected in ordinary affairs of life
    • applying to ordinary citizens as compared with the armed forces
    • of or in an ailment of personal order
    • of or relating to or befitting citizens as people
    • perhaps not rude; marked by satisfactory (or particularly minimal) adherence to social usages and adequate yet not noteworthy consideration for other people
  • others:
    • related to hawaii overall; related to arranged society as represented by federal government.
    • especially, concerning the commonwealth as secularly arranged for reasons of comfort: in opposition to ecclesiastical, army, or naval; relating to the resident in his relations to the commonwealth as thus arranged, or to his fellow-citizens: as, civil-rights; or, particularly, associated with home along with other liberties maintainable in-law on owner's suit: opposed to criminal: as, civil actions, civil process of law, municipal remedies.
    • Reduced to order, rule, and government; maybe not in a disorder of anarchy; managed by a normal administration; displaying some sophistication of customs and manners; not savage or wild; civilized: because, municipal life; civil culture.
    • Intestine; maybe not international: as, civil war.
    • Courteous; obliging; well-bred; affable; usually, just or officially courteous; perhaps not discourteous.
    • Characteristic of a citizen, in the place of a courtier, soldier, etc.; not homosexual or showy; sober; grave; somber.
    • More specifically, the municipal law of the Roman empire, the phrase jus civile (civil law) being used in Roman law for those rules and principles of law which were thought to be peculiar to the Roman people, in contradistinction to those which were supposed to be common to all nations (jus gentium). By English and American legal authors civil law is now commonly used to signify the whole system of Roman law, of which the principal source is the collection made by the Emperor Justinian, consisting of the Digest, Code, and Novellæ Constitutiones. Sometimes the term is also applied to the unwritten law of the principal nations of continental Europe, especially of Germany, which is based on the Roman law. Some authors speak in the latter case of modern civil law. The civil law is the basis also of the law of Scotland, Spanish America, Louisiana, and Quebec.
    • related to the state overall; with respect to arranged society as represented by government.
    • Specifically, regarding the commonwealth as secularly arranged for purposes of serenity: against ecclesiastical, army, or naval; regarding the citizen inside the relations to the commonwealth as hence arranged, or even to their fellow-citizens: because, civil-rights; or, specifically, relating to home alongside liberties maintainable in law on owner's match: in opposition to criminal: since, municipal actions, civil process of law, civil treatments.
    • Reduced to order, rule, and government; perhaps not in an ailment of anarchy; controlled by a regular administration; exhibiting some refinement of traditions and ways; not savage or wild; civilized: because, municipal life; civil culture.
    • Intestine; not foreign: as, municipal war.
    • Courteous; obliging; well bred; affable; usually, merely or officially courteous; perhaps not discourteous.
    • Characteristic of a citizen, rather than a courtier, soldier, etc.; perhaps not gay or showy; sober; grave; somber.
    • much more especially, the municipal law of this Roman empire, the phrase jus civile (civil law) being used in Roman legislation for everyone rules and axioms of legislation that have been regarded as distinct on Roman individuals, in contradistinction to those which were allowed to be typical to all or any countries (jus gentium). By English and American legal writers civil-law is currently popular to represent the entire system of Roman legislation, that the principal resource is the collection produced by the Emperor Justinian, consisting of the Process, Code, and Novellæ Constitutiones. Often the term is also placed on the unwritten legislation for the main countries of continental Europe, specifically of Germany, that is in line with the Roman legislation. Some authors speak in the latter instance of modern civil-law. The civil-law is the foundation additionally of the legislation of Scotland, Spanish America, Louisiana, and Quebec.

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