chernozem definition

  • noun:
    • a rather black topsoil, abundant with humus, typical of cool to temperate semiarid regions, including the grasslands of European Russia.
    • A fertile black soil containing an extremely high level percentage of humus (3per cent to 15percent) and large percentages of phosphoric acids, phosphorus and ammonia.
    • the neighborhood name of a black planet of extraordinary fertility, addressing about 100,000,000 miles, from Carpathian into Ural mountains, into level of from 4 to 20 foot, and producing an almost limitless succession of comparable plants without preparation.

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