The misapplication of a word or term, as the use of blatant to indicate "flagrant.”
the application of a strained figure of message, such a mixed metaphor.
A figure wherein one word is wrongly put for the next, or in which a word is wrested from its true signification; as, “To just take hands against a sea of troubles”. Shak. “the woman voice was however the shadow of an audio.” Young.
In rhet.: A figure through which a word can be used to designate an object, idea, or act that it could be applied only by an outstanding or excessive extension of the correct world of meaning: as, to rock (pelt) people with bricks; a palatable tone; to show an individual's horsemanship in driving a mule; to take in from a horn of ivory.
In philology, the work of a word under a false form through misapprehension in regards to its beginning: hence, causeway and crawfish or crayfish have actually their particular kinds by catachresis.
strained or paradoxical usage of terms either in error (as `blatant' to imply `flagrant') or deliberately (like in a mixed metaphor: `blind mouths')