carbon definition

  • noun:
    • A naturally abundant nonmetallic factor that occurs in many inorganic plus all organic substances, exists freely as graphite and diamond and also as a constituent of coal, limestone, and petroleum, and it is with the capacity of substance self-bonding to make a huge number of chemically, biologically, and commercially crucial molecules. Atomic no. 6; atomic body weight 12.011; sublimation point above 3,500°C; boiling-point 4,827°C; specific-gravity of amorphous carbon 1.8 to 2.1, of diamond 3.15 to 3.53, of graphite 1.9 to 2.3; valence 2, 3, 4. See dining table at factor.
    • A sheet of carbon paper.
    • A carbon copy.
    • Electricity Either of two rods whereby present flows to create an arc, as with lighting or welding.
    • Electricity A carbonaceous electrode in a power cellular.
    • The chemical element (logo C) with an atomic number of 6.
    • A sheet of carbon paper.
    • A carbon content.
    • A fossil fuel that is made of impure carbon such as coal or charcoal.
    • skin tightening and, when you look at the context of global heating and climate change.
    • An elementary substance, maybe not metallic with its nature, that will be present in all organic compounds. Atomic fat 11.97. Expression C. it's combustible, and forms the bottom of lampblack and charcoal, and gets in mostly into mineral coals. With its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the toughest of known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another adjustment is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it's soft, and takes place in hexagonal prisms or tables. Whenever united with air it forms carbon dioxide, generally called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, in line with the proportions associated with oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it types numerous compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare diamond, and graphite.
    • A carbon pole or pencil found in an arc lamp; also, a plate or piece of carbon utilized among the aspects of a voltaic battery pack.
    • a sheet of carbon paper.
    • a carbon content.
    • Chemical logo, C; atomic fat, 11.97. A feature found in nature in 2 distinct kinds: the diamond, which can be extremely hard, of high specific gravity (3.5), generally colorless and transparent, with brilliant adamantine luster, and crystallizes in octahedrons; and graphite, which will be really soft, of reasonable specific-gravity , black and opaque, with metallic luster, and crystallizes in hexagonal plates. See diamond and graphite.
    • The form of the diamond generally speaking called carbonado; the black colored diamond.
    • In electric lighting effects, a carbon-point (see below).
    • a copy made with carbon paper
    • a plentiful nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; takes place in most natural compounds
    • a thin paper-coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (usually containing carbon); used to transfer characters from original to an under sheet of report
  • others:
    • To put carbons in (an arc lamp).

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