A country of southwest Europe on the western Iberian Peninsula. It provides the Madeira Islands together with Azores when you look at the northern Atlantic Ocean. Initially inhabited because of the Lusitanians, a Celtiberian people, the mainland location was subjugated because of the Romans when you look at the second century B.C. and had been later on conquered by the Visigoths and Moors. Spain recognized Portugal as an independent kingdom in 1143, also it quickly flourished as a maritime and colonial energy with holdings extending from Africa towards Far East and Brazil when you look at the "" new world "". Much of its kingdom was lost on British and the Dutch inside 17th and eighteenth centuries, and the remaining colonies in Africa became independent inside twentieth century. Lisbon could be the capital additionally the biggest town. Population: 10,600,000.