- Mussolini, Benito Amilcare Andrea Generally "Il Duce.” 1883-1945. Italian Fascist dictator and prime minister (1922-1943) whom conducted an expansionist foreign plan, formalized an alliance with Germany (1939), and introduced Italy into World War II (1940). Dismissed by Victor Emmanuel III (1943), he led a puppet Nazi government in northern Italy until 1945, as he had been assassinated.
- A surname.
- Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)