Mao Zedong 1893-1976. Chinese Communist leader and theorist. A founder of the Chinese Communist Party (1921), he led the lengthy March (1934-1935) and proclaimed the folks's Republic of China in 1949. As celebration president additionally the country's very first head of state (1949-1959) he started the fantastic Leap Forward and founding of communes. He carried on as celebration chairman after 1959 and was a respected figure inside Cultural Revolution (1966-1969). In the 1970s he consolidated their governmental energy and established connections using West.