an old kingdom of Palestine established by Saul c. 1025 B.C. After 933 it divided in to the Northern Kingdom, or kingdom of Israel, additionally the kingdom of Judah to the south. Israel had been overthrown by the Assyrians in 721.
A country of southwest Asia from the east mediterranean and beyond. It was created in 1948 after the Brit detachment from Palestine, which have been split by suggestion of this United Nations into Jewish and Arab says. Discord with neighboring Arab nations that had declined the UN partition led to numerous conflicts, particularly in 1948-1949, 1956-1957, 1967, and 1973. Within the Six-Day War of 1967 Israel occupied the Gaza Strip, the western Bank, Jerusalem's Old City, the Golan Heights, therefore the Sinai Peninsula. The Golan Heights and Jerusalem were later annexed, and Sinai had been gone back to Egypt in 1982. A 1993 Israeli-Palestinian accord issued restricted Palestinian autonomy inside Gaza Strip, and the same accord calling for Palestinian self-rule into the West Bank was finalized in 1994. Jerusalem may be the money and Tel Aviv-Yafo the largest city. Populace: 6,430,000.