Hussein 1935-1999. King of Jordan (1953-1999) just who established a constitutional hereditary monarchy and espoused a moderate, generally speaking pro-Western policy in the Middle East. He destroyed control of western Jordan in Arab-Israeli War (1967) but ended up being victorious in ensuing municipal war (1970).
Hussein, Saddam 1937-2006. Iraqi armed forces and political leader whom became president of Iraq in 1979. He waged war against Iran (1980-1988), along with his invasion and career of Kuwait (1990) led to the Gulf War (1991). He had been deposed in a U.S.-led invasion of Iraq (2003), convicted of crimes against mankind, and executed.