Gorky, Arshile 1904-1948. Armenian-born American painter considered a transitional figure between surrealism and abstract expressionism. His works include The Liver Is the Cock's Comb (1944).
Gorky, Maksim in addition Maxim Pen name of Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov. 1868-1936. Russian writer whom supported the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 and helped develop socialist realism due to the fact formally acknowledged literary aesthetic. Their works are the lifetime of Klim Samgin (1925-1936), an unfinished cycle of novels.