- an old region of southeast Asia small over the Mediterranean Sea south of Taurus Mountains. The region ended up being conquered by Alexander the truly amazing and later became part of the Roman Empire. It had been the site of an unbiased Armenian condition from 1080 to 1375.
- an old area of south-eastern Asia small, famed for cilice — haircloth made from hair of Cilician goats
- Plural of cilicium.