- Charlemagne Also called Charles I or "Charles the Great.” 742?-814. King of the Franks (768-814) and founder associated with first kingdom in western European countries following the autumn of Rome. His court at Aix-la-Chapelle became the center of the Carolingian Renaissance.
- the leaders of Franks from 768 to 814, crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800 until his death in 814.
- king associated with the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor; conqueror for the Lombards and Saxons (742-814)