The wood of the oriental Cæsalpinia Sapan; -- so called before the discovery of America.
a tremendously hefty wood of a reddish shade, brought in from Brazil along with other exotic countries, for cabinet-work, as well as for dyeing. The most effective is the heartwood of Caesalpinia echinata, a leguminous tree; but various other woods in addition yield it. An inferior kind comes from Jamaica, the wood of Caesalpinia Braziliensis and Caesalpinia crista. This is distinguished as Braziletto , but the better type can also be usually so named. The lumber normally employed for violin bows.
a tropical tree (Caesalpinia echinata) with a prickly trunk; its hefty purple heartwood (also called brazilwood) yields a red dye and it is useful for cabinetry.