- the administrative centre of Azerbaijan in the western shore of Caspian Sea. Usually under Persian rule, the city had been annexed by Russia in 1806. It's been a center of oil production because the 1870s. In 1990 it absolutely was the scene of tough battling between Soviet causes and secessionist rebels. Population: 1,130,000.
- the administrative centre of Azerbaijan.
- a port city regarding Caspian Sea this is the capital of Azerbaijan and an essential center for oil production