- An ancient kingdom and civilization of western Asia into the top area of the Tigris River. In its zenith between your ninth and 7th centuries B.C. the empire extended from mediterranean and beyond across Arabia and Armenia.
- a Semitic Akkadian kingdom, extant as a nation state through the mid–23rd century BC to 608 BC centred regarding Upper Tigris lake, in northern Mesopotamia (current day north Iraq), that found rule local empires a number of times through record
- an old kingdom in northern Mesopotamia which is in present-day Iraq