A suffix creating nouns of action, and often equivalent to the spoken substantive in -ing. It sometimes has the further meanings of condition, hence which outcomes from the activity. A majority of these nouns have actually verbs in -ate; ; lots of people are derived through the French; ; and lots of tend to be formed on verbs closing within the Greek formative -ize (Fr. -ise).
A suffix of Latin source, happening in nouns of activity, etc.